Key Stage 1

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling. The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However, we begin the programme in Nursery and will continue teaching RWI to children beyond the age of 7 if they still need support in their reading.

RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin

How is RWI be taught?

All children are assessed regularly by our RWI lead teachers (Claire Wright, Levi Lambert, Debbie Thomson and Olivia Rhodes) so they work with children at the same level in groups. This allows complete participation in lessons.

F1 – When appropriate, children will be introduced to the initial sounds in short five minutes sessions.

F2 – In Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down.


The children:

-learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below

-learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending -read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge -work well with partners

-develop comprehension skills in stories by answering ‘Find It’ and ‘Prove It’ discussion questions


The children:

-They work in pairs so that they:

-answer every question

-practise every activity with their partner

-take turns in talking and reading to each other

-develop ambitious vocabulary

Year One & Year Two

Children follow the same format as Reception but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last for 45 minutes.

Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:

Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about

Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning

Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability

Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning

Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.

Fred Talk

We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.

At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.


The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.

Step 1:

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

Key Stage 2

At Withernsea Primary we aim to promote a love of reading through a consistent approach throughout every year group throughout the school.

Reading will follow a clear structure where a high quality class text is at the heart of everything. From Year 3 the children will be part of a whole class guided reading session based on an engaging and challenging text. Each session is carefully structured in five parts to offer a consistent and progressive approach building on previous knowledge and moving learning forward.

  • Vocabulary
    2-tier vocabulary is explicitly taught to develop language skills.
  • Independent Reading
    Children are given the opportunity to read a full piece of text.
  • Developing the skill
    Through modelling and teaching, children will develop a skill in reading based on a content domain, e.g. how we would infer etc.
  • Applying the skill
    Teachers plan to develop the modelled skill and support is given to children who need support with decoding.
  • Application of the skill
    Opportunities are then planned across the wider curriculum for this skill to be applied across a wider context.

Where children need support with reading Read Write Inc is used to support developing reading skills. You can find out more about RWI here:

Reading for pleasure is an important part of the reading curriculum here at Withernsea and the children are given the time to read and most importantly discuss the books they like each day. The teachers and other staff members will model this process and encourage the children to reflect on their own reading and share their opinions as much as possible. Each teacher has their ‘Top Picks’ and children are encouraged to read them throughout the term.

Each classroom has an established reading corner. This needs to be a safe and stimulating area that includes a wide selection of books. These books include fiction and non-fiction texts, topic books and newspapers.

It’s no secret that reading activities at home are an important supplement to the classroom, but there’s more to it than that. There are things that parents can give children at home that the classrooms cannot give. Reading at home is both encouraged and rewarded at Withernsea Primary School.

Reading with your child

Reading with your child is vital. Research shows that it is one of the most important things you can do to help your child’s education.

Reading is a key skill that enables your child to access the whole curriculum. In school we encourage everyone to discover the pleasure books can give. We explain that books are not just for reading words on a page but that they can present new ideas and topics for us all to discuss and learn from.

Every day in school we ask your children to read in a variety of contexts, for example, to follow instructions, to solve problems, to research or to read for pleasure. In addition, we hear your children read during guided reading sessions and on an individual basis as appropriate.

We hope that at some point during the week, you and your child manage to find time to share a book and investigate print that surrounds us in our everyday lives. You may like to share a picture book, comic, magazine, poetry book, an information text… the list is endless!

At Withernsea Primary, we aim for children to become independent and confident readers with a lifelong love of reading.

We try to give children as many opportunities as possible to read so that they read fluently before leaving our school.

As a parent/carer, there are several ways you can help your child develop their reading skills:

  • Make reading and looking at books fun – talk about the characters and what might happen next
  • Try to read with them daily – set aside a special time for reading together
  • Discuss any areas they are interested in and try to provide books that follow his/her interests
  • Try to ensure your child has access to books in different rooms in the home
  • If English is not your family’s first language, try to discuss books in any language. Staff in school will support the children with reading in English.
  • Discuss your child’s progress with the school- if you need support with reading in English, staff in school are more than happy to support the family in any way they can. Opportunities for children to read in breakfast club are also available daily.
  • Visit the library

‘ I would just like to say what a great help all the teachers and staff at Withernsea Primary School have been to parents/grandparents and carers during these very strange last months. Thank you’

Parent's comments

‘its really fun, it makes learning fun’

Children's comments

‘I love school, its a good place to learn’…

Children's comments

‘the teachers explain really well’

Children's comments

‘thank you for keeping me safe’

Children's comments

‘You have all been amazing. I hope all you teachers are proud of yourselves for the way you have conducted things throughout this pandemic. Proud to say my children are students at Withernsea Primary School’

Parent's comments

‘I would like to say thank you to everyone at Withernsea Primary School for everything you have done… have all been amazing’

Parent's comments

‘I love school’ …

Children's comments

‘I love school, its amazing, its like a second home’

Children's comments